Review Article |
Analysis of the Relationship between Credit Risk and Bank Performance of Some Commercial Banks in Ghana
Author(s) : Joseph Acquah*, Yusif Arthur, Damianus Kofi Owusu
Publisher : FOREX Publication
Published : 30 June 2020
e-ISSN : 2347-4696
Page(s) : 34-51
This study analysed the relationship between credit risk and bank financial performance of selected commercial banks in Ghana for the period 2010 - 2014, using the banks respective financial statements. The study employed the quantitative research approach. The sample was Ghana Commercial Bank Limited, Zenith Bank Limited, UT Bank and Ecobank Plc. These four banks were selected using stratified random sampling technique. The data were primarily secondary and quantitative in nature. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. When the banks were compared, Ghana Commercial Bank Limited was found to be more liquid than Zenith Bank Limited. That of Zenith bank was also higher than UT bank and Ecobank Plc .However, profitability indicators showed that Zenith Bank Limited and Ecobank Plc utilised its assets better than Ghana Commercial Bank Limited and UT bank resulting in the two banks higher scores over the period. The findings show further that Ghana Commercial Bank Limited showed higher ratios for investment in the future while Zenith Bank Limited showed higher ratios of higher dividend immediately. However, Zenith Bank Limited capital adequacy level was far higher than the legal requirement of Banking sector while its counterparts fell slightly below it in terms of average. Based on the main findings and conclusions, it is recommended that Ghana Commercial Bank Limited should find a means of reducing its expenditure, introducing prudent assets management, should be cautious when assisting government in time of economic difficulty, and operate as an independent entity.
Credit risk ,
Bank financial performance ,
Loan default payment.
Joseph Acquah, CEMBA, Department of mathematics, Wesley Girls’ High School, Cape Coast, Ghana, firstname.lastname@example.org
Yusif Arthur, PhD Student, Department of Business Studies, Cape Coast Technical University, Cape Coast, Ghana
Damianus Kofi Owusu, PhD Student, Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana, email@example.com
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